You know me; I love to archive whatever happens in my life, especially things that are very indulging and I am passionate about! I just finished presented a journal assigned to me by Prof Edzhar Tamam for the “Intercultural Communication” class entitled ‘Intercultural Friendship : Effects of Home & Host Region” by Elisabeth Gareis from Journal of International & Intercultural Communication”. How I wish it was MY OWN journal! LOL!
Anyway, I am really NOT in the best state of health. I fell sick on Monday last week but recovered for a while after 3-4 days BUT due to the deteriorated haze, my cough worsened and I am now having THE HARDEST cough ever! People heard me coughing and they told me the cough sounded “so deep from the lungs”. It was scary and I am having 2 sleepless nights already due to intense coughing around 2 am-4 am every morning! Due to that, my voice now croaks and technically, I lose my voice and my lungs hurt.
Yeah, I wasn’t being my usual fiery-self just now. Usually I am very animated during presentation but the cough is taking toll on my voice and my respiratory system that it affected my articulation and energy. Still, what worries me most is that this weekend from Friday until Sunday, I have to join camping with my school colleagues to patronize the school children for Annual Boot Camp. Of course since male teachers are scarce, male teachers are made forced to sleep over and patronize the kids because most female teachers are “somebody’s wifey” and need to stay homes. Oh, well. Can you say more? It would be interesting to razor-mouth or do “nonchalance attitude” like the seniors but I guess whatever I can help, I am willing to do – except now the health is deteriorating. Imagine if my health really deteriorates during weekend and I need to issue Mc; it would be such a fuss amongst the teachers! – Oh, well; better safe my breath bothering about something else. Pray my health will be better, no?
Some of the comedic graphics I put between the slides.
OK, back to the real story. This journal is interesting as it fathoms the interactions between international students who study in America with their American counterparts. It highlighted 2 factors as the influential catalysts :-
- Home Region : the origination of the international students (country of birth) or the affiliation with their conational cliques in the foreign soils;
- Host Region : the foreign soils where these international students are studying- in the case of this papers; the United States of America (U.S.A.).
There were two Research Questions arisen via this paper :-
- WHAT EFFECT DO HOME REGIONS HAVE ON INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS’ NUMBER OF HOST-NATIONAL FRIENDS & THE STUDENTS’ SATISFACTION WITH THE NUMBER AND QUALITY OF THESE FRIENDSHIPS?
- WHAT EFFECT DOES HOST REGIONS HAVE ON INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS’ NUMBER OF HOST-NATIONAL FRIENDS & THE STUDENTS’ SATISFACTION WITH THE NUMBER AND QUALITY OF THESE FRIENDSHIPS?
This paper is quantitative with one part treated via qualitative approach (open-ended questions for respondents to comment of their dissatisfaction). The respondents were 454 international students from 3 locations :-
- Northeast metropolitan universities : in New York City;
- Northeast non-metropolitan universities/colleges : Connecticut, New Jersey, circa New York states;
- Southeast non-metropolitan universities/colleges : Alabama, Mississippi, Georgia.
I purposely put the map of U.S. to distinguish the Northeast part & Southeast part of U.S. Well, don’t expect everyone to know about U.S. when U.S. don’t even know about the world, no? I guess that is one of “blahh” thing that Americans should restructure their minds.
This research found that most international students studying in northeast are likely LEAST to build friendship with American fellowmates & low satisfaction for the friendship in comparison to international students studying in southeast. In addition, international students in Northeast metropolitan universities (New York City) are likely LEAST to build friendship & low satisfaction for the friendship in comparison to their counterparts studying in Northeast non-metropolitan universities. The phenomenon was analyzed as that this happened because most of international students who study in metropolitan universities feel that the administration of universities were “less supportive” of them and somehow “overlooked their presence or well-being” due to density of students’ population and gigantic compound of the institutions.
Klu Klux Klan was from Southern, no? But Cohen et al. (1999) claimed that southerners are adhering politeness norms in comparison to Northerners who resort hostility as regulatory device. Well, perhaps the analyze referred to the present time? At least this paper opens up my horizon, a bit.
One interesting fact quoted by Cohen, Vandello, Puente, & Rantilla (1999) that really encapsulated my excitement was to find that Northerners usually are depicted as people who resort to hostility as regulatory device in comparison to the Southerners who are said to be adhering politeness norms! Well, I thought that apartheid was eminent in the south with the origination of Klu Klux Klan in comparison to the Northern area? I always had this idea that Southerners are more ethnocentric and quite Eurocentric. What Cohen et al. (1999) stated seemed contradictory to my belief and I am interested to know more about this!
Anyway, the finding exposed that among all the international students, those from East Asia (Korea, Japan, China) are having THE MOST DIFFICULTIES to build friendship with American counterparts. Some of the reasons enlisted by these international students are that :-
- Low language proficiency
- No time to socialize
- Hold different values & interest as opposed to their American friends
- Feel that Americans are unwilling to engage in close relationships
It is also interesting to note that these are what the Americans feel about Asian people :-
- Asian countries have relatively low status in the eyes of many Americans (Simon Anholt, 2009)
- Asians are perceived as ‘nerdy’; most likely to be left out & least likely to be approached for friendship in the U.S. (Zhang, 2010)
Of course, this research has its limitation but I think that it is interesting as well. Could it be that apart from Integrated Marketing Communication and Public Relation, Intercultural Communication also is etching into my liking zone? I don’t know – I can feel the enigma of this branch of communication study! Anyway, to those who are interested to read the whole research paper, just click at http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17513057.2012.691525. But of course, you have to subscribe to Taylor Francis Online database!
This You-Tube video I found is very much related to the article. Watch and you will understand the polemics and dilemma between Asian & American students.