One question that is still burning in my mind is about my quantitative research has NO variables. Yes, although I have consulted my supervisor on this yesterday (REFER to https://undomiel84.wordpress.com/2015/10/22/a-quote-for-self-remembrance-even-your-own-shadow-leaves-you-in-the-darkness-a-dramatic-day-the-hazy-school-the-fruitful-professional-tete-a-tete-the-punctured-tyre-for-2-workshops/) and I was given the rationality but I am still in vague although he was adamant with his stance. And I am quite in bewilderment about the upcoming presentation when I am going to present the research without valid explanation on why my quantitative research bears no variables!
The one way to find out is to ask other scholars out there. So, I posted this question in a group called Doctorate Support Group which I guess an ensemble page consisting scholars. Predictably, the question received antagonistic replies which heavily emphasized that Quantitative Research MUST HAVE VARIABLES – if not, what measurements does the researcher use to extract the findings? And the term ‘quantitative’ also reflect numerical data and specificity of variables which mostly fall under the umbrella of cause-and-effect studies.
From the conversation in the page, I was convinced that nobody would ever agree with what my supervisor said. And then while I was browsing the Net, I came across the term “Descriptive Research” which is one of Exploratory Research element. I am intrigued by the fact that “Descriptive Research” fits the criteria of what my supervisor has been saying all these while and in this page by Research Gate in http://www.researchgate.net/post/What_do_we_mean_by_Descriptive_Research, :-
- It does not manipulate any variables because the natural condition of environment is not being manipulated;
- It does not encouraged any causal-effect studies because one variables might affect the other, but a case study approach can be used, instead because it brings “seeks to engage with and report the complexities of social activity in order to represent the meanings that individual social actors bring to their social settings.”;
- It also defined as “Descriptive research is the process of describing a population, as it is, without presupposing some theory describing the same population”.
In the page “The Handbook of Research For Educational Communications & Technology” (REFER to http://www.aect.org/edtech/ed1/41/41-01.html), Descriptive Research is described as :-
- can be either quantitative or qualitative;
- involve collections of quantitative information that can be tabulated along a continuum in numerical form, such as scores on a test or the number of times a person chooses to use a-certain feature of a multimedia program, or it can describe categories of information such as gender or patterns of interaction when using technology in a group situation.;
- Descriptive research involves gathering data that describe events and then organizes, tabulates, depicts, and describes the data collection (Glass & Hopkins, 1984).
- It often uses visual aids such as graphs and charts to aid the reader in understanding the data distribution. Because the human mind cannot extract the full import of a large mass of raw data, descriptive statistics are very important in reducing the data to manageable form.
- Descriptive studies are aimed at finding out “what is,” so observational and survey methods are frequently used to collect descriptive data (Borg & Gall, 1989).
In a page called Explorable (REFER to https://explorable.com/descriptive-research-design), Descriptive Research is described as :-
- Pre-cursor to Quantitative research design;
- Respondents are studied in the most natural way without changing their natural behaviour;
- No variables manipulated
This was the question I posted in Doctorate Support Group. A nice academic discussion I had. Thanks to those who took the time to respond the clouds in my mind.
So now – could it that my research is Descriptive Research? All the criteria fit the puzzle. Yet, I have to reconfirm this with my supervisor. At least, I will have a strong reason to counter back the panelists in the upcoming presentation; if this what my supervisor meant. A new information for me; I’ve learned that Master’s Degree is no more the spoon-feeding stage, baby!
So funny. I thought that the whole world was against my supervisor’s sentiment on my research as I have found no answers agreeing to what he said. Much like Britney’s “Me Against The Music” fiery spirit. My supervisor against the world. So who is Britney, who is Madonna? My Supervisor or I? LMAO! Being goofy is fun sometimes as decoy for stress!